Both vocally and rhythmically they developed a “sauce” of Caribbean music

Both vocally and rhythmically they developed a “sauce” of Caribbean music

Puerto Rico have its very own customs of “bomba” and “plena”, to which percussionist Rafael Cortijo, commander of a conjunto since 1954, have put trumpets and saxophones (El Bombon De Elena). Their conjunto and his husky vocalist Ismael Rivera (El Nazareno, Quitate de la thru Perico), notorious the improvised call-and-response vocals for the “sonero” tradition, harked back again to the African roots of Caribbean songs without the distinction between kinds. El enorme combination, created by pianist Rafael Ithier, proceeded Cortijo’s goal in a lighter vein, with Los Angeles Muerte (1962) and Ojos Chinos (1964).

In Puerto Rico salsa can be called “guaguanco”, an expression that initially regarded some sort of rumba party

In the sixties, the bomba-son crossbreed attained the Puertorican colony in ny. Here, the daughter used the structure with the huge band, as with Jimmy Sabater’s Salsa y Bembe (1962) and vibraphonist Cal Tjader’s Salsa del Alma (1964).

The Cuban expatriates that moved in ny led greatly for the absorption for the category from inside the US lifestyle: vocalist Celia Cruz (Burundanaga, 1956; Yerbero Moderno, 1956), flutist Jose-Antonio Fajardo (La Charanga), jazzy congueros Candido Camero and Ramon “Mongo” Santamaria (Mazacote, 1958; Afro azure, 1959; Herbie Hancock’s Watermelon guy, 1963), violinist Felix “Pupi” Legarreta, who fused charanga and jazz on Salsa aria, exactly who arrived in New York in 1950, settled tribute to his Cuban root on Yambu (1958) and Mongo (1959), that were performed together with other Latin percussionists.

The evolution of son continuing in ny via Dominican flutist Johnny Pacheco, chief with the quintessential charanga (featuring singer Pete “El Conde” Rodriguez) but furthermore the chief on the “Africanization” with the charanga (arrangements limited by trumpets, cello and percussion), ny’s pianist Charlie Palmieri, whom developed in 1959 the influential charanga Duboney (four violins and Pacheco on flute), nyc’s pianist Eddie Palmieri, exactly who in 1962 pioneered “trombanga”, a sound according to two trombones and a flute (in alternative to the charanga audio), New York’s percussionist Ernesto “Tito” Puente (Oye Como Va, 1962), ny’s drummer Ray Barretto, exactly who attempted beat’n’blues and jazz, Puertorican bongo user Roberto Roena (Mi Desengano, 1976). All of them crossed over into jazz and rhythm’n’blues. Distinguished records put Puente’s Dance Mania (1958), Pablo “Tito” Rodriguez’s West part Beat (1961), Bobby Valentin’s Ritmo Pa Goza (1966), Eddie Palmieri’s Lo los cuales Traigo parece Sabroso (1964) and Superimposition (1969), Barretto’s Acid (1967) and The content (1972), Cortijo’s Maquina de Tiempo (1974). Latin ny additionally released the boogaloo, a fusion of black colored soul musical while the Cuban mambo, as with Eddie Palmieri’s Ay Qye Rico (1968). Unique York-born Willie Colon, initially a trombonist, is one biggest Puertorican superstar, their band with his singer Hector Lavoe capable of albums such as for example El Malo (1967) and El Bueno, El Malo y El Feo (1975), aside from the classics Che Che Cole (1969) and Gitana (1984).

A key celebration in 1967 had been the appointment between Puertorican vocalist Ismael Miranda (next however a teenager) and the band of the latest York’s pianist Larry Harlow, best recorded on Abran Paso (1970). They revitalized the CUban noise for the audience of stone music.


In 1973 the North-American boy was actually rebranded “salsa” for a tv unique (by Izzy Sanabria of Fania Records, roughly the same as Motown for Latin musical). Larry Harlow’s band rediscovered the combination of charanga violins and conjunto trumpets (by the addition of electric devices) on his milestone tracking Salsa (1974) with vocalist Junior Gonzalez. The 1976 performance “Salsa” planned in New York because of the label Fania launched the trend nation-wide. From inside the 1970s, the main locations for salsa happened to be ny, Miami, and Colombia.

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