Cousin regularity shipment away from (a) SBP transform, (Gaussian complement R randki firstmet dos to own sodium painful and sensitive = 0.74 and you may salt unwilling = 0.97) and you can (b) urinary Na + /K + , (Gaussian fit R dos to own salt sensitive and painful = 0.99 and you may sodium unwilling some body = 0.99) in the selection of salt delicate (letter = 71) and you may sodium resistant (n = 119) people who have change from weightloss intervention off Fat loss Solutions to End Blood pressure level (DASH) high sodium (HS) diet so you can Dash lowest sodium (LS) diet.
New member class
One of data users examined, 53% of SR and you will 62% of SS professionals was indeed people, 51% from SR and 63% out-of SS members have been African-American (Table 1). More players had been old 30–55 age, college-knowledgeable, and you can working fulltime. There have been zero extreme variations in standard properties to possess data professionals across ethnicity or intercourse in a choice of brand new SS or SR teams (Desk step 1).
Baseline SBP, assessed during the screening visit prior to dietary intervention was significantly higher in SS (137.6 ± 8.7 mmHg) vs. SR participants (132.5 ± 9.6 mmHg; p < 0.05, Table 2). In contrast there was no significant difference in 24 h urinary Na + excretion, 24 h urinary K + excretion and the urinary Na + :K + ratio between SS and SR participants at screening (Table 2). Further, there was no significant effect of sex or ethnicity on these variables, as such subsequent analyses were not adjusted for age or ethnicity. In SS, but not SR participants, each additional g/day in urinary Na + excretion across the range of <2 g/day to 5 g/day resulted in a higher SBP value of approximately 1.0 ± 0.4 mmHg in SBP/g Na + excretion (Fig. 2a). The measures >5 g/day Na+ were not included due to increased sample variability. When assessed by linear regression across the entire range of observed Na + excretion we observed no correlation between urinary Na + excretion and SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.02) or SR (R 2 = 0.02) participants (Fig. 2b). In both SS and SR participants urinary K + excretion of <1 g/day elevated SBP by 3.9 and 4.8 mmHg respectively vs. SBP values obtained for urinary excretion of 1–1.99gK + /day (Fig. 3a) and the Cohen's D score for the difference in the SBP among the participants with less than 1 g/day versus 1-1.9 g/day of urinary K + excretion showed a medium effect size in both SS (0.45) and the SR (0.49) group. However, when assessed across the entire range of observed K + excretion we observed no correlation between K + excretion and SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.001) or SR (R 2 = 0.008) participants (Fig. 3b). Further, we observed no association between the urinary Na + :K + ratio and SBP and no impact of urinary K + excretion across any dietary Na + excretion range on SBP in either SS (R 2 = 0.004) or SR (R 2 = 0.002) participants (Fig. 4a, b).
Impact away from Dash eating plan into the relationship regarding urinary salt to help you potassium removal proportion that have SBP
Within the sub group of SS participants randomly assigned to DASH-Sodium dietary intervention arm (N = 71) there was a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in SBP on the DASH-LS diet compared to the baseline screening SBP value (Table 3). In the sub group of SR participants randomly assigned to the DASH-Sodium intervention (N = 119) there were significant (p < 0.05) reductions in SBP on both the DASH-HS and DASH-LS diets compared to the baseline screening SBP value (Table 3). On the DASH-Sodium diet, following both the LS and HS interventions compared to screening there was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in urinary K + excretion and reduction in the urinary Na + :K + ratio (that was greater during the LS intervention), in both SS and SR participants (Table 3).